The purposes of this handbook are to present the John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) Timing and Countdown Systems Operations Plan, to provide a description of the systems in use, to familiarize personnel engaged in space vehicle checkout and launch operations with available KSC timing and countdown services and to show how these services may be obtained.
ATOLL was developed to fulfill the requirements for a common computer language that could be used by the test engineers for launch and factory checkout. "ATOLL" is the abbreviated name for Acceptance, Test, Or Launch Language.
This is the first Quarterly Supplement to the October 1968 edition of GP 381, ''A Summary of Major NASA Launchings (Eastern Test Range and Western Test Range)." This Supplement covers the period from October 1 to December 31, 1968. Two additional Quarterly Supplements will be issued during 1969. Each of these will list those major NASA launchings occurring during the three-month period it covers. The basic publication will be revised and reissued, incorporating the information contained in the Supplements, as well as covering the final three-month period, subsequent to October 1, 1969. William A. Lockyer, Jr.
This paper identifies the methods and equipment through which automation is becoming a major factor in testing and launching Saturn IB space vehicles. The merits of a digital guidance computer and its impact in extending automated checkout are stressed; also a logical basis is established for computer and manual test control. Hardware and software elements of the automated system are described, and details pertaining to reliability are emphasized. A concluding appraisal suggests that automation will play an expanding role in future test and launch operations.
The results of an OMSF AS-201 Interlock and RCA 110A Computer Review were published. Recognizing that this was a "quick look", it was determined that a more detailed approach should be taken with respect to interlocks for the duration of the Saturn IB-V program.